The following definitions apply throughout these guidelines:
- "Certified local government" (CLG) means any local government
certified as meeting the requirements set forth in these guidelines.
- "Locally designated historic landmark", "landmark",
or "locally designated historic property" refers to an individual
building, structure, site, area or object which is studied by a commission
and judged to have historical, architectural, archaeological or cultural
value. The local government designates a landmark through passage of
an ordinance, and the commission then has the power to review and control
significant changes to the property. Owners of landmarks are entitled
to apply for an annual 50% property tax deferral as long as the property's
important historical features are maintained.
"Locally designated historic district" refers to a type of
zoning that applies to entire neighborhoods or other areas that include
many properties judged to have historical, architectural, archaeological
or cultural value. The zoning provides controls on the appearance of
existing and proposed buildings. Unlike landmark designations, local
historic district designation has no effect on local property tax liability
for property owners within the designated district.
- "Local government board" means the legistlative body of
a city, county, village, municipalitiy, or any other general purpose
political subdivision of the state, such as city council, board of county
commissioners, or board of town commissioners.
- "Local government" means a city, county, village, municipality,
or any other general purpose political subdivision of the state.
- "Local legistlation" means a local act of the General Assembly,
or an ordinance enacted by a local government pursuant to such a local
act or general state enabling legistlation.
- "Commission" or "local commission" or "certified
local government commission" means the body established by the
CLG to carry out its duties as delegated through agreement with the
SHPO. This commission must be one of the following:
- an historic preservation commission: responsible for both locally
designated historic districts and landmarks.
- an historic district commission: responsible for locally designated
- an historic landmarks commission (also called a local historic
properties commission): responsible for locally designated historic
landmarks (also called historic properties).
- an historic resources commission: may be responsible for either
locally designated historic landmarks or districts, or for both
types of designations.
"Preservation commission" is used throughout the guidelines
and is meant to include the types of commissions listed above.
- "National Register of Historic Places" (NRHP) means the
official national list of properties (districts, buildings, structures,
sites, and objects) that possess special significance in terms of history,
architecture, culture, or archaeology. The NRHP is maintained by the
National Park Service. Properties are nominated to the NRHP by the SHPO
in each state.
- "National Register Nomination" (NRN) or "nomination"
means a document containing the information necessary to nominate a
property to the NRHP, including a physical description, statement of
significance, maps, photographs, legal description, and geographic data.
- "Secretary" means the Secretary of the DOI.
- "State Historic Preservation Officer" (SHPO) means the Director
of the North Carolina Divisions of Archives and History (DAH) or his/her
- "State Historic Preservation Office" (HPO) means the Archaeology
and Historic Preservation Section of the DAH. The HPO undertakes the
state historic preservation program and serves as staff to the SHPO
in regard to his/her preservation responsibilities.
- "Survey" means an inventory and prelimary evaluation of
the historic properties in a county, town, neighborhood, or some other
defined area. Surveys may be conducted of historic properties which
have historic and architectural significance, or of properties with
historic or pre-historic archaeological significance.